Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is most strongly differentiated from other martial arts by it’s emphasis on ground work, or grappling. Live sparring, often referred to as “rolling”, is routinely practiced in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu schools. Unlike many striking arts (boxing, muay thai), “rolling” allows practitioners to train at very intense levels with little fear of injury. This is ideal for business men and other professionals that wish to learn a self defense system but can not afford to go to work with a black eye or a broken nose.
Training methods in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu vary from club to club but typically there is Technical Drilling (practicing a given move against a non-resisting partner), Positional Sparring (sparring from a specific position or starting area), Rolling/Sparring (free flowing movements where the direction of the match is dictated by the participants).
In addition to traditional Brazilian Jiu Jitsu training methods it is common for schools to have an emphasis on physical conditioning. Physical conditioning helps increase flexibility, strength, endurance, body composition and overall health. By increasing the general level of physical fitness the student’s ability to grapple will also be increased.